High Blood Pressure is a disease of the Metabolism.
is a vital Organ and the most hard working part of the body. It is like a small factory that pumps gallons of oxygen rich blood to all parts of the body. It collects deoxygenated Blood from the Body via Veins and the Veins deliver this deoxygenated Blood to the Lungs, where it gets oxygenated. Now, the Heart collects this oxygen rich Blood from the Lungs and supplies it to rest of the Body parts via Arteries. The human Heart is a muscular organ and divided into four chambers which are Right Atrium, Left Atrium and Right Ventricle, Left Ventricle. To pump the Blood, the Heart muscles contract and relax alternaly. What is Blood Pressure?
The Heart beats and pumps the blood into the Blood Vessels. The muscles of the Heart contract to pump the blood into the Blood Vessels. Then they relax to fill the pump again. This exerts a force against the inner walls of the Blood vessels. The peak of the pumping action is called Systolic and the pressure that remains during the relaxation period is called diastolic. The two readings are known as Blood Pressure. Blood Pressure varies from person to person, time to time, mood to mood and even posture to posture, according to age, weight and height. The normal range of the Blood Pressure is 120/80. 120 is Systolic and 80 is Diastolic. When this balance is upset we generally say the patient has either high blood pressure, or low blood pressure. Medically called Hypertension or Hypotension. The difference between the two is called Pulse Pressure. The pressure is measured in terms of millimeters of mercury the pressure can support in a glass tube; (mmg). Blood pressure must always be studied in conjunction with the speed of the heart, the pulse, or, the number of times the heart beats in one minute. The normal is 72. This is not the end. There is one more co relation. The number of breaths you take in one minute. The normal is 18. You should breathe once for every 4 beats of the heart.
Tired. Do not give up. Its your heart. Other people do not have the time to tell you all this.
There are four possibilities of this imbalance
• Both the upper and the lower readings rise in unison
and the pulse pressure remains 40 mm. You are not in great danger and can go to the doctor for consultation. This is called EHT, Essential Hypertension.
• Only the upper reading rises. The difference between the two readings suddenly becomes very large without exercise. If for example the readings are 200/80. It means the pressure is too much for the arteries to bear. Any one of them may burst any time. You are in mortal danger. Lie down. Do not move. Call an ambulance and get admitted.
However, if this difference increases gradually with age, that’s normal.
• Both readings fall below normal and the pulse pressure is maintained at 40. Danger? Yes ! but not alarming.
• Pulse pressure falls below 40. Again there is great danger. Blood is not going to the head. Brain is deprived of oxygen. The brain is in danger. Lie down, call for a doctor or ambulance. Do not attempt to go to a doctor.
This page is devoted to High Blood Pressure. Low Blood Pressure
is dealt with separately.
The causes are numerous and are beyond the scope of this portal. You are strongly advised to see a doctor, BEFORE you attempt to use any herb.
In the detailed uses given below an endeavor will be made to refer to a cause where possible. What is Hypertension or High Blood Pressure?
High Blood Pressure is the pressure with which the blood courses through the arteries in the human body. It is measured by taking a reading when the artery is fully blocked (No blood flowing at all ) and when the blood starts flowing freely.
It is measured in mg of mercury. It has two readings the upper ( Systolic ) and the lower ( Diastolic ).
The normal readings are 120/80
Before understanding the High Blood Pressure you have to understand the following terms.Systolic Pressure ( BP when the Heart beats ) :
The meaning of Systole is contraction. With each Heart beat the Heart muscles get contract and the blood gets pushed into the Arteries ( Supply oxygen rich blood to the body organs ). The normal Systolic Pressure is 120. As we get old the Systolic Pressure increases because of stiffness in the Arteries. Diastolic Pressure ( BP between the Heart beats ) :
Diastolic Pressure is the lowest pressure which is followed by a systole. After contraction the Heart muscles relax between the beats. The pressure that remains in the arteries during this period is Diastolic Pressure. At this time the Aortic valve closes. It is only during this period that the coronary arteries (which are different from the rest of the arteries) are fed by fresh blood. (Only when the aortic valve closes) The normal Diastolic Pressure is 80. If the Diastolic reading is either high or low, it may be an indication of a physical disorder.
There is another thing which is very important other than the Blood Pressure and it is known as Pulse Pressure
.What is Pulse Pressure?
It is the difference between the Systolic and Diastolic Pressure. If we see Blood Pressure, its normal reading is 120/80. The difference between the two pressures is 40, which is considered as the Normal Pulse Pressure.
Effects of aging on Blood Pressure.
As we get old, the muscles and Blood vessels get weak. As a result, there may be fluctuation in the Blood Pressure. Until the age of 50 both of the Pressures i.e. Systolic and Diastolic increase together. After 50, the Systolic pressure goes up where as the Diastolic pressure goes downward. This leads to increase in the Pulse Pressure too, because it is the difference between the two pressures.
The High Blood Pressure may cause a number of other physical Disorders like, Stroke, Cardiac Failure and Heart Attack.Causes of High Blood Pressure
Kidneys unable to excrete Sodium
Excessive Renin in the body
Foods high in fructose corn syrup
Overactive Sympathetic Nervous System
High salt intake
Birth control pills
Vitamin D Deficiency
Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) Deficiency
Heavy metal poisoning
Medication in Pregnancy
Coarctation of the Aorta
Cancer of the Adrenal gland
Excessive alcohol consumption
Preeclampsia during Pregnancy
No or less Physical activities
Excessive intake of pain killers
Diet that is high in sugar levelsHigh Blood Pressure Classification Primary Hypertension :
It contributes to around 95% of all Hypertension cases. It has no known cause.Secondary Hypertension :
In this type of Hypertension the cause is known. The cause is generally a medical condition which affects the Kidneys, Heart, Arteries or Endocrine system. Resistant Hypertension :
Medications not having an effect on Hypertension. Exercise Hypertension :
Blood Pressure excessively high during a period of Exercise.
Hypertension is classified in stages in terms of Systolic and Diastolic PressureNormal :
Systolic less than 120 mm Hg and Diastolic less than 80 mm Hg.Prehypertension :
Systolic between 120 and 139 mm Hg. Diastolic between 80 and 89 mm Hg.Hypertension Stage I :
Systolic between 140 and 159 mm Hg. Diastolic 90 and 99 mm Hg.Hypertension Stage II :
Systolic 160 mm Hg or greater. Diastolic 100 mm Hg or greater.Isolated Systolic Hypertension ( Systolic high and Diastolic normal ) :
The Systolic Blood Pressure goes above 140 mmHg and Diastolic Blood Pressure remains below 90 mmHg. It is attributed to Old age and more common in women than men. It affects the functioning of the Kidneys, Brain, Heart and or Eyes.What causes Isolated Systolic Hypertension?
Aorta is an artery which carries oxygenated blood from Heart to the circulatory system. With aging, aorta loses elasticity and goes stiff. It leads to a rise in the pressure when the Heart beats and pumps the blood. This does not have an effect on the pressure when the Heart relaxes during Heart beats, so the Diastolic Pressure is not affected.Conditions which raise the risk of Isolated Systolic
High Cardiac output
Excessive Blood Sodium levels
Low calcium reserves in tissues
Reduced elastic capacity of blood vesselsWhy is Isolated Systolic Hypertension harmful?
It increases the risk of
Chronic kidney diseaseIsolated Diastolic Hypertension ( Diastolic high and Systolic normal ) :
The Diastolic Blood Pressure goes above 90 and Systolic Blood Pressure remains below 140 mmHg. What Causes Isolated Diastolic Hypertension?
Smoking and Alcoholism
Sedentary LifestyleWhy is Isolated Diastolic Hypertension harmful?
It doubles the risk of :
Kidney FailureIsolated Diastolic Hypotension ( Diastolic low and Systolic normal ) :
It is a condition in which the Diastolic pressure drops below 60 mmHg and Systolic pressure remains normal. It gets harder for the blood to move in the arteries. The Heart has to work harder. The condition is mostly seen in age above 60.What Causes Isolated Diastolic Hypotension?
DehydrationWhy is Isolated Diastolic Hypotension harmful?
It increase the risk of StrokeIf not treated properly, High Blood Pressure may cause
increased workload on the Heart. The Heart has to work harder. This increases the risk of developing :
Coronary Artery disease
Things that help in lowering the High Blood Pressure:1. Exercise :
When we do Exercise or we do Yoga, it opens all the channels of the body, this helps in improving the blood flow in the blood vessels and prevent the formation of plaque on the inner walls of the Arteries. 2. Eat Healthy, Stay Healthy :
Oily, Junk food causes the deposition of plaque on the walls of the Arteries. Eating vegetables, Fruits, sprouted pulses and diary products. They are full of vitamins and nutrients that provide energy to our body. 3. Minerals :
Eating minerals like Potassium
helps in lowering the Blood Pressure. It will lowers both the systolic and the diastolic readings. 4. Fish Oil :
The studies have shown that Fish oil also helps in lowering Blood Pressure. But be careful. It may cause some side effects. Continue, if it suits you and stop consumption immediately if find some side effects.
5. Herbs :
Garlic : It is particularly effective in lowering the Blood Pressure in high systolic cases. The results may not be as effective in case of low systolic.Things to Avoid:
Reduce the intake of Salt ( Sodium ).
Do not smoke or Drink. It raises the Blood Pressure and causes other physical disorders too.