Blood Cancer is a disease of the Blood.
The human body has three types of Blood cells.
White Blood Cells
Red Blood Cells
These cells are produced in the bone marrow present in the Bones. All the three types of cells have different functions in the human body.Red blood cells :
They give red color to the blood and have hemoglobin protein. They supply oxygen to the body parts. Platelets :
When we have a cut, the platelets come together and form a barrier to stop bleeding.White Blood Cells :
These are considered as a part of the immune system. They fight for infections when find some foreign substance in the body.
If there is any problem with these cells, then it is a diseased state.
The word Leukemia means that there is something wrong with the white blood cells ( Lymphocytes ). When examined under the microscope, the amount of White blood cells seems to be normal in the blood, but not in structure. They are immature and are of no use. The condition is considered as Leukemia
. It is also known as Blood Cancer.
It affects the Blood, Bone Marrow or lymph nodes.
The soft tissue where Blood Cells are formed is Bone Marrow.
The number of these immature cells are known as Blasts. They multiplies at a very fast rate, but are not fully developed. This results in the restriction of production of healthy blood cells.
These immature cells enter in the blood, then the other Organs of the body.
They are not able to generate the normal functions of the Blood Cells.
They lose their ability to fight against the infections. They are unable to repair the injured tissues.
Normal level of White Blood Cells is 5000 to 10000 per microliter (mcL). If the count is above than the normal level then it indicates Leukemia. If the Count is less, then it is known as Leukopenia
.Blood Cancer is classified as Acute Myelocytic Leukemia :
In this type of Leukemia the cells grow rapidly but not get mature. Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia :
In this type of Leukemia the growth is not as much rapid but cells tend to accumulate. Soon they travel through the bloodstream and reach the other body organs. This is more common in Children. The Genetic or Environmental factors are may be a cause for this type of Leukemia.
Chronic Leukemia: It will not show any symptoms, but may cause fatal changes later.
Myeloid Leukemia : It affects that part of the Bone marrow which is responsible for the production of Blood Cells. Diagnosis for Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia :
The confirmation of Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia is done by the following tests.
Blood Test : The blood test has to be done to found the abnormal condition in the blood. If there is high number of white blood cells found ,then it means the person has Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia.
The another way to diagnose is Biopsy of Bone Marrow. In this a sample is taken out from the bone marrow and examined under the microscope.Chronic Leukemia :
The growth of the cells is slow But are mature abnormally. They tend to accumulate in the various organs. The Ability of these cells to fight the infections is impaired. They are not able to repair the injured tissues.Causes of Cancer Blood
Certain types of infections
Exposure to certain chemicals
Chemotherapy, Radiation TherapyIf not treated properly Cancer Blood may cause
Alkalize or SufferNote :
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