The reproductive system is a group of organized structures that make possible the creation, or reproduction, of new life for continuation of a species. Human reproduction is sexual, meaning that both a male and a female contribute genetic material in the creation of a new individual. During puberty, usually occurring between the ages of nine and fourteen, the reproductive systems of both sexes mature. The ovaries of a female release eggs (female sex cells) and a male's testes produce sperm (male sex cells). Reproduction occurs when a sperm unites with an egg, a process called fertilization.
This is the system crucial to the survival of human race. The reproductive system is a collection of internal and external organs — in both males and females; working together for the purpose of producing an offspring, or procreating. The reproductive system makes life possible. The human cycle would end.
All living things on this planet reproduce more of their own kind, and they do so in one of the two ways : Some organisms reproduce by splitting in half or by growing buds that eventually turn into copies of the original organism. This method, in which a single organism reproduces itself, is called asexual reproduction.
The reproductive method whereby a male and female of a particular species interact and exchange genetic material to create offspring is called sexual reproduction. Humans reproduce by the latter.
In order for sexual reproduction to occur, both the bodies are designed in way to give birth to a new life. A woman’s ovaries produce ova (eggs) and a man’s testes produce sperm. After an egg has been fertilized by a sperm, it grows inside the woman’s uterus to produce a new Human being....
This system is the source of your birth, you came into existence because of this very system. Thus,an understanding of your reproductive system, it's functions and it's care is an integral part of both : your general health and sexual health.
The function of reproductive system is replication. The hereditary traits are passed on from both the parents to their children. The major function of the reproductive system is to ensure that the human species survives.
Other functions are:
To produce egg and sperm cells
To transport and sustain these cells
To nurture the offspring in its development phase
To produce hormones.
The sex hormones play an important role both in the development and function of the reproductive organ and in sexual behavior & drives.
Male reproductive system
The reproductive role of male is to-- produce and deliver sperm to the female reproductive tract. The male reproductive system also produces sex hormones, which help a boy develop into a sexually mature man during puberty.
Male Reproductive Organs: Testes, seminal vesicles, prostate, epididymis, seminal ducts, urethra, scrotum, penis and spermatic cords.
Female Reproductive Sytem : Reproductive role of females is to--- produce ova and carrying the developing embryo.
Organs are : ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina and vulva. Read More.......................
What can go wrong with this system
Many ailments and disorders can affect the male and female reproductive systems, preventing them from functioning properly.
Reproductive diseases consist of any condition that makes it difficult or impossible to reproduce. Knowing what all things you have to do to keep your reproductive system healthy is important. At the same time, it is imperative to know the factors that may affect your reproductive functions. Knowing these will help you avoid those risks---
Factors: Infections, genetic diseases, birth defects, hormonal disorders, impotence, or infertility can prevent men and women from being able to bear children.
These conditions can range from mild to moderate to severe. Some are life-threatening. A few are listed here,
Male Reproductive Diseases
Prostate disease – prostate enlargement and prostate cancer
Impotence – a problem with getting or keeping an erection
Infertility – the inability to achieve pregnancy in a fertile woman due to low sperm production, blockages Read More.................
Female Reproductive Disorders
Some of the conditions women may experience at some time in their lives include:
Endometriosis– the presence and growth of functioning endometrial tissue in places other than the uterus
Fibroids – non-malignant tumors of the womb
Infertility – inability to become pregnant
Painful periods Read More...................
Things to do for a healthy Reproductive System...
Maintaining good reproductive health is quint essential for both men and women. Good reproductive health has a direct relationship with your overall health status. So, it's health or disorder shall never be overlooked.
The health of reproductive system depends on diet, lifestyle, medical conditions, occupational exposures and many more. Reproductive health problems can even affect your life with the associated emotional stress and anxiety. . Below are some points that should be remembered to keep a good reproductive health-----------
- It is important to eat a balanced diet; Avoid fast foods as most of the additives and preservatives in those will affect your fertility. Go for fresh meat, fish and vegetables rather than processed ready-meals. Eat a balanced diet that is high in fiber and low in fat.
- Engage yourself in safe sexual intercourse, using condoms or other contraceptives in order to prevent an unplanned pregnancy.
- You should definitely quit smoking. Smoking will affect the reproductive system of both men and women. Leads to erectile dysfunction in men and infertility in women.
- Alcohol will directly and indirectly act and affect ovaries and testes. Alcohol reduces the amount of testosterone in the blood. May lead to hormonal imbalance. Avoid the intake of alcohol.
- Practicing Yoga is an excellent way to keep your reproductive system healthy. It will help to keep proper balance between your mind and body, thereby keeping your overall health and reproductive system working. There are yoga poses which will keep your reproductive system healthy.
- Excessive recreational drug, alcohol or steroids will have a bad impact on you. Keep your lifestyle healthy for a healthy reproductive system.
- Occupational hazards are the most important reason for most of the male infertility cases. Avoid exposure to radiation, chemicals and constant or excess heat. Avoid exposure to chemicals such as pesticides, herbicides and industrial solvents as it will affect your reproductive health.
- Avoid obesity. Maintain a healthy weight.
- Get enough sleep and manage your stress in healthy ways.
- Keeping your genitals clean is also very important. A daily shower or bath is all that it takes.
- Females, should check for Breast Cancer or PCOS. Perform monthly self-exams of their breasts, and men should perform monthly test of their testes.